Fairly taking his place among the intellectual giants of the Ancient World, Archimedes of Syracuse (287BC–212BC) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor and astronomer.
He is best known today for his bathtub cry of “Eureka!” - Greek for “I have found it - following an epiphany about how volume and displacement could finally resolve a dispute about the purity of the gold in the king’s crown.
However, Archimedes also made many other breakthroughs, including inventing the block and tackle, the odometer, the propellor and (possibly) the water pump. When he wasn’t inventing things we take for granted in the modern world, he spent his time advancing mathematical theory.
Check out the Archimedes watch by Divided by Zero, inspired by this great inventor.
Image by Domenico Fetti - https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=146592